A citizen’s arrest is made when a member of the public apprehends a suspect and detains them until the police arrive to formally arrest them. This may be necessary in situations where a person is behaving in a violent or aggressive manner, causing a threat to themselves or the safety of others around them.
Legally anyone can carry out a citizen’s arrest, but there are a number of guidelines you must follow when doing so to avoid getting into trouble yourself.
Section 24A of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) states that an individual can perform an arrest on somebody they suspect of committing an indicatable offence. This applies to serious offences that can be tried in a Crown Court, for example assault, burglary or criminal damage.
You can arrest somebody to prevent them:
Causing physical injury to themselves or someone else
Suffering a physical injury
Causing loss or damage to property
Attempting to get away before a Police officer arrives to assume responsibility of them
Under common law if a breach of the peace has